These are the basics that everyone should know and adhered to for staying safe abroad so as not to ruin that long awaited holiday. Travellers should try and minimise their risk by following these simple steps:-
Do your own research before you book your trip. Choose your destination wisely. Consider your budget, the climate, currency, local cuisine, attractions and safety.
Vaccines are your passport to adventure around the world. Vaccines are required for you to travel to certain places. You can come into contact with different diseases based on the countries you are visiting. Protect yourself and your community by getting vaccinated before you travel.
Keep a low profile
Dont be too flash. Try not to display any valuables such as designer handbags, the latest mobile phones, cameras, watches or jewellery. Don’t venture too far from your resort and avoid travelling alone at nights or isolating yourself.
Drink bottled water
When visiting countries with poor sanitation, drink bottled water with the seals intact. Be aware of fake bottled water and ensure the seal has not been tampered with before consuming. Where there is limited access to water, consider taking a water filter or chemical treatments with you. Chemical treatments can be used to disinfect water. Ensure that you follow the instructions thoroughly in order to obtain the best results. Chlorine preparations are also highly effective.
Foods should be piping hot
It can be a challenge to avoid contaminated food and water but choose food that is freshly prepared and is served piping hot. Avoid foods like uncooked berries, unpeeled fruits and salad items. Contaminated food and water can transmit a number of different infectious diseases but the risk is higher in low income regions. High risk areas include most of Asia, the Middle East, Africa, and Latin America.
There is a wide range of infectious diseases such as TD, that are transmitted by contaminated food and water. Most diseases are caused by pathogens (bacteria, viruses or parasites). Travellers should consider taking a diarrhoea treatment pack as a precaution.
Wash hands thoroughly
To prevent diarrhoea and stomach upsets, wash your hands thoroughly after visiting the toilet and before preparing or eating food. Where hand washing facilities are unavailable, use alcohol gel.
Avoid ingesting pool water
Swallowing contaminated water in inadequately treated swimming pools, hot tubs and spas can transmit pathogens that cause diarrhoea, vomiting or infection of the ears, eyes, skin and the respiratory system. Don’t swim in the pool if you have diarrhoea. Ensure babies and infants are wearing suitable swimwear and avoid ingesting the pool water.
Seek medical care if you develop a fever of 38°C or more. Don’t forget to tell your GP you have travelled abroad. These simple steps should help to ensure that your holiday go swimmingly. Good luck and bon voyage!